CERN unveils proposal to build new bigger and more powerful particle accelerator.

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Researchers at CERN revealed a conceptual plan for a new particle accelerator called the Future Circular Collider, or FCC.

It would be located in Geneva and would have a circumference of roughly 100 kilometers. That's almost four times bigger than the Large Hadron Collider or LHC.

The conceptual design report predicts it would take approximately 20 years to design and build the new collider. The report highlights the importance of building it at the right time to ensure the continuation of particle research after the LHC stops operating in 2035.

According to the report, the collider would be built in phases. During its early stages, it would collide electrons and positrons. Later it would collide electrons against the nuclei of lead atoms.

The team hopes that by 2050 the FCC will be able to carry out proton-proton collisions with an energy of 100 teraelectronvolts[a]. That is seven times the energy capacity of the LHC.

Plans for the collider also include a radiofrequency acceleration system, large scale cryogenic plants and 16 tesla high-field accelerator magnets.

It took 1,300 scientists based at 150 universities worldwide five years to develop this conceptual project.


RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Location and size of Future Circular Collider
2. First stage and second stage of Future Circular Collider
3. Proton-proton collision; 100 teraelectronvolts of energy
4. Extra uses of Future Circular Collider

VOICEOVER (in English):

"Researchers at CERN revealed a conceptual plan for a new particle accelerator called the Future Circular Collider, or FCC."

"It would be located in Geneva and would have a circumference of roughly 100 kilometers. That's almost four times bigger than the Large Hadron Collider or LHC."

"The conceptual design report predicts it would take approximately 20 years to design and build the new collider."

"According to the report, the collider would be built in phases.

"During its early stages, it would collide electrons and positrons. Later it would collide electrons against the nuclei of lead atoms."

"The team hopes that by 2050 the FCC will be able to carry out proton-proton collisions with an energy of 100 teraelectronvolts[b].

"That is seven times the energy capacity of the LHC."

"Plans for the collider also include a radiofrequency acceleration system, large scale cryogenic plants and 16 tesla high-field accelerator magnets."


SOURCES:
CERN, Nature, The Guardian, BBC, Phys.org, The Verge
http://fcc-cdr.web.cern.ch/
http://fcc-cdr.web.cern.ch/webkit/
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00173-2
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/jan/15/cern-draws-up-plans-for-collider-four-times-the-size-of-large-hadron
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-46862486
https://phys.org/news/2019-01-cern-vision-next-generation-particle-collider.html
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/15/18183828/cern-physics-particle-accelerator-hadron-collider