China uses predictive policing to detain Xinjiang ethnic minorities

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China is using big data to target ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, detaining them on the basis that they may someday threaten the government.

Human Rights Watch reports that Beijing has been using surveillance cameras with facial recognition technology, wifi sniffers, and police checkpoints to monitor the country's Uyghur population.

Data from these sources, as well as existing health, banking and other records, feeds into the Integrated Joint Operations Platform, a system that uses predictive policing to flag down potential threats.

Authorities personally visit flagged individuals and gather more information about their families and ideological situation, but can take into custody anyone deemed suspicious, whether or not they've committed a crime.

Most detainees are sent to political education centers, where they are reportedly indoctrinated in Chinese socialist ideology.

Reports estimate that roughly 120,000 people are being held indefinitely, without charge or trial, inside the camps.


RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. China monitoring Xinjiang residents using CCTV, wifi sniffers, police checkpoints
2. Information transmitted to database, which issues predictive warnings based on data
3. Authorities conducting visits to flagged individuals, taking take them into custody
4. Detained individuals taken to political education centers

VOICEOVER (in English):

"Beijing has been using surveillance cameras with facial recognition technology, wifi sniffers, and police checkpoints to monitor the country's Uighur population."

"Data from these sources, as well as existing health, banking and other records, feeds into the Integrated Joint Operations Platform, a system that uses predictive policing to flag down potential threats."

"Authorities personally visit flagged individuals to gather more information, but can take into custody anyone deemed suspicious, whether or not they've committed a crime."

"Most detainees are sent to political education centers, where they are reportedly indoctrinated in Chinese socialist ideology."


SOURCES:
Human Rights Watch, Reuters
https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/02/26/china-big-data-fuels-crackdown-minority-region
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-rights-xinjiang/big-data-predictions-spur-detentions-in-chinas-xinjiang-human-rights-watch-idUSKCN1GB0D9