Conquistador anchors discovered off Mexico Gulf Coast

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Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History have announced that two 500-year-old iron ship anchors have been discovered on Mexico's Gulf Coast. These anchors could belong to the ships of Spanish conquistador, Hernán Cortés, thus potentially offering an insight into the Spanish invasion.

Divers discovered the anchors 10 to 15 meters below the sea, under a thick layer of sediment. In 2018, just 1,000 feet away from the site, another anchor was found and dated back to the 15th century via its wood. The date is significant as it would fit with that of Hernán Cortés as records show he landed in Veracruz, Mexico in April 1519.

All three anchors were found on the coast just north of the port city of Veracruz.

Head of the Underwater Archeology Office, Dr. Roberto Junco, details the most voluminous of the three anchors as 3.68 meters long and 1.55 meters wide between its tips.

Both anchors are well preserved as a result of being protected beneath the sediment of the ocean. For this reason, after documentation and measurement, they will be returned to adhere to the archaeological protocols of conservation.


RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Location of anchors
2. Anchor in underwater sediment
3. Measurement of anchor
4. Anchor is buried

VOICEOVER (in English):

"Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History have announced that two 500-year-old iron ship anchors have been discovered on Mexico's Gulf Coast. These anchors could belong to the ships of Spanish conquistador, Hernán Cortés, thus potentially offering an insight into the Spanish invasion."

"Divers discovered the anchors 10 to 15 meters below the sea, under a thick layer of sediment. In 2018, just 1,000 feet away from the site, another anchor was found and dated back to the 15th century via its wood. The date is significant as it would fit with that of Hernán Cortés as records show he landed in Veracruz, Mexico in April 1519."

"All three anchors were found on the coast just north of the port city of Veracruz."

"Head of the Underwater Archeology Office, Dr. Roberto Junco details the most voluminous of the three anchors as 3.68 meters long and 1.55 meters wide between its tips."

"Both anchors are well preserved as a result of being protected beneath the sediment of the ocean. For this reason, after documentation and measurement, they will be returned to adhere to the archaeological protocols of conservation."

SOURCES: BBC, National Institute of Anthropology and History
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-50835844
https://www.inah.gob.mx/en/boletines/8795-500-years-after-the-landing-of-cortes-researchers-discover-two-iron-anchors-in-villa-rica-veracruz