Deadly brain-eating amoeba infection confirmed in Florida

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Health officials in Florida issued a warning after a person was infected by a rare brain-eating amoeba.

An unidentified person in Hillsborough County was confirmed to have been infected with Naegleria fowleri, the Florida Department of Health said in a statement on July 4. The amoeba typically lives in warm freshwater and in rare cases infects humans through contaminated water that enters the nose.

According to the Florida Department of Health, Naegleria fowleri can cause primary amebic meningoencephalitis, an infection that resembles both meningitis and encephalitis.

Symptoms start around five days after infection. They can include headache and a stiff neck, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Most of those infected die within a week.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Naegleria fowleri parasites in the trophozoite phase are typically found in warm freshwater and enter the body through the nose
2. The trophozoites pass through the sinus membrane and into the olfactory bulb
3. Inside the brain, the trophozoites reproduce via binary fission and consume brain tissue
4. Symptoms after infection

VOICEOVER (in English):
"Health officials in Florida confirmed that one person in Hillsborough County has been infected with a deadly brain-eating amoeba called Naegleria fowleri."

"The amoeba typically lives in warm freshwater and in rare cases infects humans through contaminated water that enters the nose."

"Once in the nose, the amoeba passes through the sinus membrane and into the olfactory bulb. It enters the brain through the floor of the cranium."

"Inside the brain the amoeba reproduces via binary fission and consumes brain tissue."

"According to the Florida Department of Health, Naegleria fowleri can cause primary amebic meningoencephalitis, an infection that resembles both meningitis and encephalitis."

"Symptoms start around five days after infection. They can include headache and a stiff neck, fever, nausea, and vomiting. Most of those infected die within a week."


SOURCES: BBC News, Biospace, Live Science, U.S. Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Florida Department of Health
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-53302773
https://www.biospace.com/article/new-hope-for-treating-brain-eating-amoebas/
https://www.livescience.com/38896-tiny-amoeba-can-eat-your-brain-infographic.html
https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/naegleria/general.html
https://nextdoor.com/agency-post/fl/florida/florida-department-of-health-10/the-florida-department-of-health-reminds-residents-of-the-dangers-of-naegleria-fowleri-153730911/
https://twitter.com/DOHHillsborough/status/1279184455769473024