Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon is at the highest level a decade

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Brazil has recorded its worst annual deforestation figures in 10 years.

An area spanning 7,900 square kilometers of the Amazon rainforest was destroyed between August 2017 and July 2018, according to the BBC.

This represents a 13.7 percent increase from last year's figures.

Most of the deforestation took place in the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Para.

In addition to affecting water supplies, deforestation could also cause the rainforest to start releasing greenhouse gases instead of taking in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, the National Geographic reports.

Carlos Nobre, a climate scientist, said if 60 percent of the forest degrades to a savanna, it could result in five or six years' of fossil-fuel emissions being released into the air.

Deforestation was responsible for 46 percent of Brazil's greenhouse gas emissions in 2017, according to the Guardian.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1.A healthy rainforest, a destroyed rainforest and a thermometer
2. Map of Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Para
3. Destroyed rainforest releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere

VOICEOVER (in English):

"According to the BBC, 7,900 square kilometers of the Amazon rainforest was destroyed between August 2017 and July 2018."

"This represents a 13.7 percent increase from last year's figures."

"Most of the deforestation took place in the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Para."

"In addition to affecting water supplies, the National Geographic reports deforestation could also cause the rainforest to start releasing greenhouse gases instead of taking in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere."

SOURCES: The Guardian, The BBC, National Geographic, Brazil's Ministry of Environment,
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/nov/24/brazil-records-worst-annual-deforestation-for-a-decade
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-46327634
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/11/how-cutting-the-amazon-forest-could-affect-weather/
http://www.mma.gov.br/informma/item/15259-governo-federal-divulga-taxa-de-desmatamento-na-amaz%C3%B4nia.html