Explainer: Annular solar eclipse to sweep across Africa and Asia

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RESTRICTIONS: Broadcast: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN Digital: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN
The Moon will cast its shadow over parts of the Eastern Hemisphere from Africa and Eastern Europe to the Pacific in a solar eclipse on June 21, on the same day as the Northern Hemisphere's summer solstice.

According to NASA, the annular phase of this solar eclipse — when only the Sun's outer edges are visible around the Moon in a fiery ring — will cross the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, India, China and Taiwan.

People thousands of kilometers north and south of this area will be able to see varying stages of a partial eclipse.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. View from Earth of a solar eclipse
2. Moon casting a shadow on Earth during an eclipse
3. There are 13 new moons per year
4. Moon's orbit is tilted five degrees to earth's orbit
5. A solar eclipse occurs only twice a year
6. Stages of a solar eclipse
7. Where partial eclipse will be visible and path of annular eclipse over the Eastern Hemisphere

VOICEOVER (in English):
"The Moon will cast its shadow over parts of the Eastern Hemisphere from Africa and Eastern Europe to the Pacific in a solar eclipse on June 21, on the same day as the Northern Hemisphere's summer solstice."

"A solar eclipse takes place only during a new moon, when the Moon passes directly between the Earth and the Sun. As the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, it casts a full shadow on some parts of the planet and a partial shadow on a wider region of the Earth."

"New moons occur frequently — 13 times a year to be exact. Yet, we don't see 13 solar eclipses each year, because the Moon's orbit is tilted five degrees to the Earth's orbit around the Sun."

"This means the Moon is only perfectly aligned between the Earth and the Sun twice a year."

"According to NASA, the annular phase of this solar eclipse — when only the Sun's outer edges are visible around the Moon — will cross the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, India, China and Taiwan."

"Viewers thousands of kilometers north and south of this area will be able to see varying stages of a partial eclipse."

"The annular eclipse will first appear at the border between the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo."

"The point of greatest eclipse, when the axis of the Moon's shadow cone passes closest to the center of the Earth, will occur over India near the borders with Nepal and China."

SOURCES: NASA
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEgoogle/SEgoogle2001/SE2020Jun21Agoogle.html
https://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEgoogle/SEgoogle2001/SE2020Dec14Tgoogle.html