Hubble telescope finds most distant star ever seen

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Astronomers have sighted the outermost star the in known universe.

Icarus, or LS1, is 9 billion years from Earth. Hubble saw it because of gravitational lensing, where distant star light is bent and magnified via the gravity of a passing galaxy. What was sighted came from a time when the universe was 30% of its current age.

The star is believed to be a luminous blue supergiant, similar in size to our sun, but twice as hot. Researchers knew it wasn't a supernova because it wasn't exploding.

Astronomers also tested its cluster for a dark matter theory that posits primordial black holes constituted much of the early universe, according to NASA. That wasn't shown however, as the Hubble telescope would have observed different light patterns from the star if black holes passed in front of Icarus.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Depiction of how Hubble telescope sighted Icarus
2. Depiction of Icarus and the sun
3. Depiction of Icarus with black holes
4. Depiction of Hubble observing Icarus

VOICEOVER (in English):

"Icarus, or LS1, is 9 billion years from Earth."

"Hubble saw it because of gravitational lensing, where distant star light is bent and magnified via the gravity of a passing galaxy."

"What was sighted came from a time when the universe was at 30% of its current age."

"The star is believed to be a luminous blue supergiant, similar in size to our sun, but twice as hot."

"Researchers knew it wasn't a supernova because it wasn't exploding."

"Astronomers also tested its cluster for a dark matter theory."

"This posits that primordial black holes constituted much of the early universe."

"This wasn't shown however, as the Hubble telescope would have observed different light patterns from the star if black holes passed in front of Icarus."


SOURCES: NASA, Hubble Space Telescope, Space.com
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/hubble-uncovers-the-farthest-star-ever-seen
http://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1807/
https://www.space.com/40171-cosmic-alignment-reveals-most-distant-star-yet.html