Immune discovery could be universal cure to cancer

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Cardiff University researchers have identified a mechanism in our immune system that could be utilized to treat most cancers.

According to the study published in Nature Immunology, certain T-cells can be engineered to kill prostate, breast, lung and other cancers, albeit only in lab settings.

T-cells are a type of lymphocytes found in the blood that searches and destroys threats to the body that include infections to cancers.

Cardiff University says in a press statement that one type of T-cells was found to possess a unique receptor that allows them to detect almost all cancer cells.

The BBC reports that scientists may be able to take blood from a cancer patient and isolate their T-cells.

The T-cells could then be reprogrammed by a harmless virus to grow the special receptor and cultured before the immune cells are reintroduced to fight the patient's cancer cells.

T-cells with the special receptors are able to ignore healthy cells and attack the cancerous tissue, including tumors, which normal T-cells cannot.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. A kind of T-cell may be engineered to become a standard cure for cancer
2. T-cell and receptors explained
3. Researchers hope to equip T-cells with a special receptor to fight cancer
4. Engineered T-cells can attack

VOICEOVER (in English):
"Cardiff University researchers have identified a mechanism in our immune system that could be utilized to treat most cancers."

"According to the study published in Nature Immunology, certain T-cells can be engineered to kill prostate, breast, lung and other cancers, albeit only in lab settings."

"T-cells are a type of lymphocytes found in the blood that searches and destroys threats to the body that include infections to cancers."

"Cardiff University says in a press statement that one type of T-cells was found to possess a unique receptor that allows them to detect almost all cancer cells."

"The BBC reports that scientists may be able to take blood from a cancer patient and isolate their T-cells."

"The T-cells could then be reprogrammed by a harmless virus to grow the special receptor and cultured before the immune cells are reintroduced to fight the patient's cancer cells."

"T-cells with the special receptors are able to ignore healthy cells and attack the cancerous tissue, including tumors, which normal T-cells cannot."

SOURCES: Nature Immunology, Cardiff University, BBC
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41590-019-0578-8
https://www.cardiff.ac.uk/news/view/1749599-discovery-of-new-t-cell-raises-prospect-of-universal-cancer-therapy
https://www.bbc.com/news/health-51182451