Lindsay Lohan treated for rare mosquito-borne illness

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Actress Lindsay Lohan was hospitalized in London on Wednesday after contracting a rare mosquito borne illness, reports said.

The actress is said to have contracted the chikungunya virus while holidaying on the French Polynesian Island of Bora Bora over Christmas.

The chikungunya virus is transmitted by the Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.

While feeding, infected mosquitoes inject the virus into the bloodstream, where the virus infects and replicates in human cells.

Replicated viruses are then further released into the bloodstream, driving inflammation. The incubation period for the virus is typically three to seven days, according to the Center for Disease Control. Cases of asymptomatic infections have also been reported.

Chikungunya virus infection symptoms of fever, headaches, muscle pains, nausea and vomiting resemble symptoms of other arboviral diseases such as dengue fever and encephalitis. However, chikungunya virus infection patients often report debilitating joint pains and arthritis, lasting up to months.

While there are currently no antivirals and vaccines available to combat the chikungunya virus, fatalities related to the virus are rare.

Lohan was reportedly released later the same day.

RUNDOWN
SHOWS:
1. Chikungunya virus endemic regions
2. Mosquitos transmits virus from person to person
3. Mosquito injects virus into bloodstream
4. Virus infects and multiplies in host cells
5. Chikungunya infection causes fever, muscle pains, and arthritis
6. Chikungunya infection also causes nausea and vomiting

VOICEOVER: (IN ENGLISH)
“The chikungunya virus is endemic in tropical areas such as Africa and Asia.”

“Mosquitoes transmit the virus between humans. Infected mosquitoes inject the virus into the bloodstream while feeding.”

“Once the chikungunya virus enters the bloodstream, it infects and replicates in human cells. Replicated viruses are released into the bloodstream, driving inflammation.”

“Symptoms of chikungunya infection include fever, headache, muscle pains and severe arthritis, as well as nausea and vomiting.”

SOURCES: USA Today, Center for Disease Control
http://www.usatoday.com/videos/life/people/2015/01/21/22123251/
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/index.html