NASA gets a billion dollars to probe Venus again

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The White House is asking for 6 trillion dollars for its federal spending bill.

This bill would give NASA a total of 24.8 billion dollars, making it the largest budget request for NASA science, ever.

NASA says it will use 1 billion dollars to send two missions to study Venus again.

1. Show Earth, zoom out to show sun and first 3 planets, arrows from Earth to Venus
2. Falcon 9 rocket launching in 2028, followed by similar launch on split screen in 2030
3. Magellan orbiter orbits Venus, 1990, lead rod approaches Venus
4. Rod melts as it gets close to Venus, start sequence of Davinci+ mission
5. Sequence shows Davinci+ probe dropping through atmosphere to planet's surface, then Veritas mission sequence
6. Veritas sequence shows orbiter scanning Earth, show water evaporating as Venus' temperature flares up

VOICEOVER (in English):
The BBC reports that NASA has announced it is sending two new missions to Venus in order to examine the planet's atmosphere and geological features.

The missions, which have each been awarded half a billion dollars in funding by the Biden administration, are due to launch between 2028 and 2030.

The last probe to visit the planet was the Magellan orbiter in 1990. However, other vessels have made fly-bys since then.

Venus is the second planet from the sun and the hottest planet in the solar system, with a surface temperature of 500 degrees Celsius — hot enough to melt lead.

The Davinci+ mission will measure the planet's atmosphere to gain insight into how it formed and evolved.

It will also aim to determine whether Venus ever had an ocean.

The second mission, called Veritas, will map the planet's surface to understand its geologic history, and investigate how it developed so differently from Earth.

It will use a form of radar to chart surface elevations and to find out whether volcanoes and earthquakes are still happening.

SOURCES: BBC, Reuters, The Guardian, NY Times,