Plastic waste traps hermit 560,000 crabs on remote islands

For story suggestions or custom animation requests, contact [email protected] Visit http://archive.nextanimationstudio.com to view News Direct's complete archive of 3D news animations.

RESTRICTIONS: Broadcast: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN Digital: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN
A new study led by the University of Tasmania has found that more than 560,000 hermit crabs have died from being trapped in plastic waste on the remote Cocos Keeling and Henderson Islands.

Scientists surveyed sites on both the islands for plastic debris and found open plastic containers across the islands. The study also accounted for the number of trapped crabs, both dead and alive, found inside the plastic containers.

Researchers said that the piles of plastic waste present on the island beaches create physical obstacles as well as traps for the hermit crabs.

The problem is exacerbated as hermit crabs don't have shells of their own, which means that they need to track down other dead crabs via their odor in order to acquire them.

In one example, researchers found that this led to 526 crabs being trapped in a single plastic container.

In a University of Tasmania news release scientists said that these hermit crabs are important as they help disperse seeds, fertilize the soil in tropical environments and form an integral part of the marine ecosystem.


RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Cocos Keeling Islands, Henderson Island and a hermit crab trapped in plastic waste
2. Islands filled with plastic waste and open plastic containers
3. Crabs stuck in plastic containers
4. The plastic creates a physical barrier and traps for the crabs
5. Why the problem is exacerbated

VOICEOVER (in English):
"A new study led by the University of Tasmania has found that more than 560,000 hermit crabs have died from being trapped in plastic waste in the Cocos Keeling Islands and Henderson Island."

"Scientists surveyed sites on both the islands for plastic debris and found open plastic containers across the islands."

"The study also accounted for the number of trapped crabs, both dead and alive, found inside the plastic containers."

"Researchers said that the piles of plastic waste present on the island beaches create physical obstacles as well as traps for the hermit crabs."

"The problem is exacerbated as hermit crabs don't have shells of their own, which means that they need to track down other dead crabs via their odor in order to acquire them."

"In one example, researchers found that this led to 526 crabs being trapped in a single plastic container."

SOURCES: The Guardian, CNN, University of Tasmania, Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/dec/05/plastic-pollution-hermit-crabs-species-decline-henderson-cocos-islands
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/05/world/hermit-crabs-plastic-pollution-intl-scli-scn/index.html
https://www.utas.edu.au/communications/general-news/all-news/half-a-million-crabs-killed-by-plastic-debris-on-remote-islands
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389419316577?via%3Dihub