Previously undiscovered species of human found in Philippines cave

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Ancient remains found in a cave in the Philippines have led to the discovery of a tiny hominin species previously unknown to science.

According to an article published in Nature, researchers excavating Callao Cave uncovered bones and teeth with a mix of ancient and modern features. The fragments came from three individuals of a previously unknown species now named Homo luzonensis, after the Philippine island of Luzon on which it was found.

The size of the bones suggest its owners may have only been about three feet tall, and possibly shorter than Homo Floresiensis, who inhabited the Indonesian island of Flores."

Both were alive and present in eastern Asia 50,000 years ago, at the same time as Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, and Denisovans.

According to the New York Times, the tiny hominins on Luzon and Flores may be descended from Homo erectus.

Nature reports that the species is known to have moved from Africa to Southeast Asia, and could have shrunk as it adapted to life on the islands.

However, one toe bone discovered in the cave is curved, unlike that of a Homo erectus or Homo sapien. It is instead much more similar to that of Australopithecus, which lived in Africa three million years ago and had curved toe bones that were good for climbing.

According to CNN, more excavations are needed to answer questions about the characteristics of Homo luzonensis and how they evolved.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Homo luzonensis bones and teeth unearthed in Callao Cave
2. Homo luzonensis only around 3 feet tall, similar in size to Homo floresiensis
3. Luzonensis and floresiensis possibly descended from Homo erectus
4. Curved Homo luzonensis toe bone more similar to australopithecus

VOICEOVER (in English):

"According to an article published in Nature, researchers excavating Callao Cave uncovered bones and teeth with a mix of ancient and modern features."

"The fragments came from three individuals of a previously unknown species now named Homo luzonensis, after the Philippine island of Luzon on which it was found."

"The size of the bones suggest its owners may have only been about three feet tall, and possibly shorter than Homo Floresiensis, who inhabited the Indonesian island of Flores."

"Both were alive and present in eastern Asia 50,000 years ago, at the same time as the Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, and Denisovans."

"According to the New York Times, the tiny hominins on Luzon and Flores may be descended from Homo erectus."

"Nature reports that the species is known to have moved from Africa to Southeast Asia, and could have shrunk as it adapted to life on the islands."

"However, one toe bone discovered in the cave is curved, unlike that of a Homo erectus or Homo sapien."

"It is instead much more similar to that of the Australopithecus, which lived in Africa three million years ago and had curved toe bones that were good for climbing."

SOURCES:
Nature, New York Times, National Geographic, CNN
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1067-9
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/10/science/homo-luzonensis-philippines-evolution.html
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/04/new-species-ancient-human-discovered-luzon-philippines-homo-luzonensis/
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/10/world/new-hominin-discovery-philippines-scn/index.html