Researchers discover greenhouse gas eating ocean bacteria

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Scientists have found several new types of sea-borne microbes that could eat oil and other pollutants.

Some of the newly discovered species use hydrocarbons, such as methane and butane, as energy sources, according to a University of Texas at Austin news release.

The researchers used the Alvin deep-sea submersible and collected 551 genomes. As many as 22 of those were said to be new species.

The microbes found within the Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California. They were living in hot, deep-sea sediments located 2,000 meters below the surface. Temperatures can rise up to 200 degrees Celsius at this depth due to volcanic activity.

Brett Baker, a scientist involved in the research, explained there are huge reservoirs of hydrocarbon gases under the ocean floor. He explained these microbes help prevent greenhouse gases from being released into the atmosphere. Baker added that there is much-unexplored biodiversity in the deep oceans.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Microbes under the sea, an oil barrel and CO2
2. What the microbes use as an energy source
3. Where the microbes were found
4. Ocean floor of the microbes

VOICEOVER (in English):
"Scientists have found several new types of sea-borne microbes that eat oil and other pollutants."

"According to a University of Texas at Austin news release, some of the newly discovered species use hydrocarbons, such as methane and butane, as energy sources."

"The researchers found 551 genomes and 22 of those were said to be new species."

"The microbes found within the Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California."

"They were living in hot, deep-sea sediments located 2,000 meters below the surface.

"Temperatures can rise up to 200 degrees Celsius at this depth due to volcanic activity."

"Brett Baker, a scientist involved in the research, explained there are huge reservoirs of hydrocarbon gases under the ocean floor.

"Baker explained these microbes help prevent greenhouse gases from being released into the atmosphere."

SOURCES: University of Texas, Science Daily, Nature Communications Journal
https://cns.utexas.edu/news/newly-discovered-deep-sea-microbes-gobble-greenhouse-gases-and-perhaps-oil-spills-too
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181127092525.htm
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07418-0#Abs1