Taiwan Drought Risks Global Chip Shortage

For story suggestions or custom animation requests, contact [email protected] Visit http://archive.nextanimationstudio.com to view News Direct's complete archive of 3D news animations.

RESTRICTIONS: Broadcast: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN Digital: NO USE JAPAN, NO USE TAIWAN
Taiwan's worst drought in decades could further strain an already unstable global supply chain for production of the semiconductors that power the world's notebooks, monitors, TVs, smartphones, tablets and cars.

In an average year, Taiwan receives 2,500 millimeters of rainfall, the most of any OECD-equivalent country, according to Taiwan Business Topics.

However, while typhoons usually hit Taiwan from the east during the rainy season and help replenish reservoirs, in 2020 no typhoon made landfall.

The effect has been a drastic drop in water supply, with water levels at the country's largest reservoir, Tsengwen, falling to their lowest in 15 years, and the Baihe reservoir now completely dry, AFP reports.

Taiwan's semiconductor industry is vulnerable to the drop because its processes for cleaning chips and creating a hyper-sterile environment for their production are water intensive.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Taiwan located on map
2. Taiwan's rainfall compared to South Korea and Singapore's
3. Typhoon and absence of typhoon
4. Reservoir drying up
5. Inside semiconductor factory
6. Comparison of water usage
7. Diagram of Taiwan's water supply

VOICEOVER (in English):

"Taiwan's worst drought in decades could further strain an already unstable global supply chain for production of the semiconductors that power the world's notebooks, monitors, TVs, smartphones, tablets and cars."

"In an average year, Taiwan receives 2,500 millimeters of rainfall, the most of any OECD-equivalent country, according to Taiwan Business Topics."

"However, while typhoons usually hit Taiwan from the east during the rainy season and help replenish reservoirs, in 2020, for the first time in 56 years, no typhoon made landfall."

"The effect has been a drastic drop in water supply, with water levels at the country's largest reservoir, Tsengwen, falling to their lowest in 15 years, and the Baihe reservoir now completely dry, AFP reports."

"Taiwan's semiconductor industry is vulnerable to the drop because its processes for cleaning chips and creating a hyper-sterile environment for their production are water intensive. AFP reports its largest manufacturer, TSMC, alone goes through 156,000 metric tons of water a day."


"Other sectors are also vulnerable. According to the CIA World Factbook, industry uses 10 percent of Taiwan's water supply. Households use 20 percent and agriculture up to 65 percent, despite the latter contributing just 1.8 percent of GDP."

"Lack of storage capacity makes Taiwan vulnerable to climate change. Citing Taiwan's Water Resources Agency, Taiwan Business Topics reports reservoirs only constitute around 25 percent of its water supply, with rivers providing almost 50 percent and groundwater extraction 30 percent. Taiwan can store only around a month and a half's water requirement."

SOURCES: CNA, Taiwan Business Topics, AFP, Channel News Asia, CIA World Factbook, Korea Meteorological Administration, Meteorological Services Singapore
https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/2654505
https://www.cw.com.tw/article/5088363?from=search
https://topics.amcham.com.tw/2018/04/desalination-in-a-rainforest-taiwan-faces-water-shortages/
https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/feat/archives/2021/04/22/2003756133
https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/business/taiwan-drought-chip-semiconductor-shortage-tsmc-14664290
https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/field/gdp-composition-by-sector-of-origin/
https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/taiwan/
https://web.kma.go.kr/eng/biz/climate_01.jsp
http://www.weather.gov.sg/climate-climate-of-singapore/