Tuberculosis epidemic in South India linked to malnutrition and alcohol use

Visit http://archive.nextanimationstudio.com or contact [email protected] to license this or any News Direct video
For story suggestions please contact [email protected]

RESTRICTIONS: NONE

U.S. and Indian researchers have linked widespread tuberculosis in South India to malnutrition and alcoholism.

The Hindustan Times reports that the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, was a collaboration between the Boston University School of Medicine and the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. Researchers found that 61% of tuberculosis cases in women may have been due to malnutrition, while 75% of tuberculosis cases in men were driven by heavy alcohol use.

According to the World Health Organization, kills 1.5 million people globally every year and infected 9 million people in 2013.

India is currently experiencing a tuberculosis epidemic. The country accounts for about a quarter of new tuberculosis cases each year, and around 300,000 people die from the disease in India every year.

Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacteria that most commonly affects the lungs. The disease is transmitted after people inhale tuberculosis germs when those with the disease cough or sneeze. A person with tuberculosis can infect up to 15 people through close contact over the course of a year, according to the World Health Organization.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria enters a human body
2. Bacteria forms granuloma
3. Granuloma collapses and releases infectious bacilli
4. Transmission of tuberculosis
5. One person with tuberculosis can infect up to 15 people a year
6. Indian accounts for a quarter of new tuberculosis cases globally
7. A total of 300,000 people die from tuberculosis in India annually

VOICEOVER (in English):

“Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacteria that most commonly affects the lungs. Tuberculosis has a latent phase when the bacteria hides within the lungs by forming balls of fibrous material, commonly referred to as granulomas. ”

“Tuberculosis becomes active when the granulomas collapse and release infectious bacilli.”

“The disease is transmitted after people inhale tuberculosis germs when those with the disease cough or sneeze.”

“A person with tuberculosis can infect up to 15 people through close contact over the course of a year.”

“India is currently experiencing a tuberculosis epidemic. The country accounts for about a quarter of the 9 million new cases that occur globally each year. Around 300,000 people die from the disease in India every year.”


SOURCES:
Hindustan Times, WHO, AFP, International Business Times, Tenaadam
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/malnutrition-alcoholism-behind-widespread-tb-in-south-india-study/story-YiEB60VP8g5CRgK8OYqjsL.html
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs104/en/
http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Regional/2015/03/24/India-failing-to-tackle-massive-TB-crisis/
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/world-tuberculosis-day-2015-facts-about-epidemic-which-kills-1-5-million-year-1493185
http://www.tenaadam.com/march-24-world-tuberculosis-tb-day-it-is-a-day-to-raise-awareness-about-tb/