What happens during the June 21 summer solstice

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The 2018 summer solstice will soon be upon us, marking the beginning of different seasons depending on where you live.

The earth rotates on a tilted axis while orbiting the sun, which means different parts of the planet are pointed at or away from the sun depending on the time of year.

During the solstice on June 21, the North Pole is tilted toward the sun, allowing it to shine at a 90-degree angle on the Tropic of Cancer, which sits at 23.5 degrees north of the equator.

Anyone standing right on the Tropic of Cancer at noon on solstice day will see the sun directly overhead, and find themselves casting a very minimal shadow.

Since the northern hemisphere faces the sun, it will experience the longest day and the start of summer. For the southern hemisphere, which tilts away from the sun, it is the shortest day and the start of winter.

The opposite happens during the December's winter solstice. The northern hemisphere, now tilted away, is experiencing winter, while the sun-facing south ushers in summer.

RUNDOWN SHOWS:
1. Depiction of Earth's tilted axis, rotation, and orbit around the sun
2. Depiction of sun shining directly on the Tropic of Cancer
3. Depiction of solstice as seen from the Tropic of Cancer
4. Depiction of differences between days in the northern and southern hemispheres

VOICEOVER (in English):

"The Earth rotates on a tilted axis while orbiting the Sun, which means different parts of the planet are pointed at or away from the Sun depending on the time of year."

"During the solstice on June 21, the North Pole is tilted toward the Sun, allowing it to shine at a 90-degree angle on the Tropic of Cancer."

"Anyone standing right on the Tropic of Cancer at noon on solstice day will see the Sun directly overhead, and find themselves casting a very minimal shadow."

"Since the northern hemisphere faces the sun, it will experience the longest day and the start of summer. For the southern hemisphere, which tilts away from the sun, it is the shortest day and the start of winter."

SOURCES:
Business Insider, USA Today
http://www.businessinsider.com/when-is-summer-solstice-longest-day-of-year-june-2018-6
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2014/06/20/summer-solstice-explained-sun-earth/10887737/